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Athletes push the limits of their human body in pursuit of their sport, and that often results in injuries. The nature of the injury and where it is will determine how the injury will be treated.

Some of the most common sports-related injuries are, in no particular order:

  • Sprains and strains,
  • Knee injuries,
  • Tennis elbow (epicondylitis),
  • Groin pull
  • Shin splints

Fractures are also common. Regardless of the injury, an athlete has a key advantage in recovery after an injury due to his or her overall physical condition.

Because their muscles are in top condition, they are able to support the body’s injury much better than someone less fit. Their physical condition also increases their ability to participate and benefit from physical therapy when it is recommended for rehabilitation.
Prevention of these injuries is important, and performing regular warm-ups and stretching before a rigorous workout is excellent prevention.

But sometimes in spite of the best prevention efforts, injuries still occur and require treatment. Here are some of the most common treatments for the injuries discussed above.

Sprains and strains

A sprain is the tearing or wrenching of a ligament. A strain is the tearing or wrenching of a muscle or tendon. A ligament is the tough band of material that attaches bones to each other. Ligaments are the bands that attach muscle to bones. And muscles, of course, are the structures that enable us to have movement and strength.

While sprains and strains are relatively minor injuries, they can be painful. They can most often be treated by using the RICE method. RICE is an acronym which stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.

  • Rest. Take a break from the workouts and games and give your body a chance to heal.
  • Ice. Helps prevent and reduce any swelling related to the injury. Twenty minutes on, twenty minutes off is a good general guideline for an icing schedule.
  • Compression. Gentle compression can help to control swelling as well. An ACE bandage or elastic sleeve over the injury will keep swelling in check.
  • Elevation. Raise the affected area, preferably above the level of your heart when possible.

Knee injuries

There are a number of knee injuries caused by strenuous physical activity: dislocation, fractures, ligament injuries, tendon tears and meniscus tears. A knee injury will leave an athlete feeling very unsteady on his feet. The first course of treatment would be the RICE Method discussed previously.

If the pain and difficulty with mobility continue, your doctor may recommend immobilizing the affected leg with a brace or cast, and you may even require crutches to assist you with getting around. You may be restricted from bearing any weight on the leg.

Your doctor may recommend physical therapy to help strengthen the muscles surrounding the injury to better protect and support that area.  And of course, anti inflammatory medication such as Ibuprofen, aspirin or Tylenol may be recommended for pain.

Tennis elbow

While epicondylitis has the more colorful common name, affiliating it with one of the sport of kings, it is a common injury resulting from activity that puts a great deal of strain on the forearm or wrist.

The pain is felt on the back of elbow where the bony prominence can be felt, and also in the forearm. The tendons that attach the muscles to the elbow become inflamed.

The first line of treatment is icing the injured area, rest and the anti-inflammatory medications mentioned previously. If these do not lead to the desired results, your doctor may recommend physical therapy or an elbow splint to relieve the injured tendon.

Groin Pull

This is actually a tear injury of the adductor muscles that support the groin and hips and run down the inside of the thighs.

Initial treatment should include ice to the inside of the thigh in the affected area, compression to minimize swelling and anti-inflammatories to reduce pain and swelling.

Therapy may be recommended by your doctor to gently strengthen the area as it heals and protect it from further injury. In some cases, ultrasound therapy may be used for additional relief from injury.

Shin Splints

One of the most common injuries in high impact sports and exercise, shin splints is pain that runs down the front of the lower leg. It’s also associated with overpronation (the tendency to run with the ankles moving toward the medial line).

Rest is crucial for shin splints. This is not a condition that improves with a no pain, no gain approach. The RICE method again comes to the rescue, and lower-impact activity is recommended while recovering.

These are some of the more common sports injuries that athletes encounter. While the first line of treatment for these is relatively accessible, it’s important to remind all athletes of the importance of consulting with your sports medical specialist to keep your body as healthy and competitive as possible.

About Dr. Mark E. Pruzansky

Dr. Mark E. Pruzansky, Director of HandSport Surgery Institute, is a seasoned specialist in hand surgery, wrist surgery and microsurgery, sports injuries and arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery of the hand, wrist, elbow and brachial plexus.  With more than 20 years of high-level practice and a comprehensive knowledge of the body’s biomechanical linkages, Dr. Pruzansky is able to diagnose patients using a “kinetic-chain approach” that reveals underlying—and often overlooked—issues coming from other parts of the musculo-skeletal system.

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The New York Mets kicked off their 2014 season Monday afternoon at Citi Field. The Mets drew a crowd in excess of 43,000 people. Many Met fans used ScoreBig to purchase tickets to attend the game. ScoreBig offers fans a very unique ticket buying experience. In short, here are some quick ScoreBig facts that make it the best ticket buying option:

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New York, NY (May 15, 2013) – On the morning of August 18, thousands of baseball fans, runners, walkers, cancer survivors, and their friends and family will gather at Yankee Stadium to celebrate the fifth anniversary of the Damon Runyon 5K at Yankee Stadium.  One of New York’s most unique summer events, the Runyon 5K is the only charitable run/walk that uses the iconic Stadium as its course.  Since the inaugural event in 2009, the 5K has raised more than $2 million for the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation’s groundbreaking efforts to strike out cancer.

Registration is open at Participants are responsible for a $40 registration fee and a $60 fundraising minimum. After July 1, the registration fee increases to $50.

The first heat of competitive runners will take off from the start line inside Gate 4 at 9:30am, followed by later heats of runners and walkers, with the last heat taking off in the early afternoon. Participants will wind through the legendary ballpark’s concourses and ramps, climb stairs between levels, and appear on the centerfield video board as they take two laps around the warning track that circles the field.  Friends, family and supporters will have a chance to watch the race from the Delta SKY360° Suite overlooking home plate and meet the Damon Runyon scientists their contributions help support.

Last year’s event drew a capacity crowd of 4,000 participants – from 5-78 years old and traveling from 35 states.  Click to see videos and photos of the 2012 Runyon 5K.

As always, 100% of all donations raised by participants will directly support the nation’s most brilliant young scientists, pursuing cures for all forms of cancer. “Over the past five years, the proceeds from the Runyon 5K have allowed us to fund amazing cancer researchers doing incredible work,” said Lorraine W. Egan, President and CEO of the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation. “Our 5K participants are making breakthroughs possible – it’s as simple as that.”

The Runyon 5K is the latest chapter in the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation’s long history with the Yankees.  After the Foundation’s establishment in 1946, Joe DiMaggio was on its Board of Directors and Mickey Mantle was an active fundraiser.  Damon Runyon himself was a New York writer who began his career as a baseball journalist, revolutionizing how the game was covered and often reporting on Yankees games.

The 2013 Runyon 5K is presented by MetLife Foundation, with additional support from Brick-Run Sports Physical Therapy, NYSID, 24 Hour Fitness, NBC 4 New York, the New York Daily News, SiriusXM Satellite Radio, and the New York Yankees.




To accelerate breakthroughs, the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation provides today’s best young scientists with funding to pursue innovative cancer research.  The Foundation has gained worldwide prominence in cancer research by identifying outstanding researchers and physician-scientists. Eleven scientists supported by the Foundation have received the Nobel Prize. Since its founding in 1946, Damon Runyon has invested more than $260 million and funded more than 3,380 young scientists.


Today, we received a guest submission for Becky Wilcox about lacrosse essentials. See more after the jump…

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Another great guest posting from Dave Thomas. Enjoy.

Will the Rangers Choke or Send the Sens Packing?

While the New York Rangers were not able to secure the President’s Trophy and the overall top seed in this year’s NHL playoffs (Vancouver), they are the frontrunners in the Eastern Conference.

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Another guest post coming your way via Dave Thomas..Enjoy.

I like to think of myself as a guy that oftentimes if not always sees the glass as being half full as opposed to half empty. That being said, this season could be a long one to be a New York Mets fan.

When I run into people that say they are Mets fans, I quickly find a unique bond with them.

Yes, we Mets fans have always played second fiddle to the Yankees in the Big Apple; that is the equivalent of being a Los Angeles Clippers fan in L.A. The Clips could remarkably run off three or four NBA titles over the next decade and they would still be the poor stepchild to the 16-time champion Lakers.

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NYSOS is happy to announce that we have new, part-time, guest writer, Todd Giannattasio. Todd has been a Giants season ticket holder for twenty years (!!) and has never missed a home game. Todd will provide content on the Giants, Rangers, and Knicks. Without further is Todd’s first contribution to New York State of Sports..

'Green Bay is THAT way!'

One of my buddies is a FINALIST for the National Backyard Makeover contest. I need all of the NYSOSers to help him out vote for him. Read his message below for details. It takes literally a minute to complete.

Hey NYSOS Fans,

My name is Billy Crowe and I am a finalist in a national backyard makeover contest that had over 13,000 entries.  The grand prize is valued at over $15,000!!! All you have to do is click on the link below and then scroll down and find Billy C from Huntington, NY.  Then make sure you confirm the link sent to you in your email, and check your spam box.  So please check it out and thanks for your support!!

The link is the direct link to the page.



I received a guest post from Nerissa Berry and Daniel Fielding. It’s about the 2022 Olympic Games. Very insightful. Check it out.

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Recently, I received a great guest post from Brent Jacobs. Mr. Jacobs shed some light upon the positive economic impact that the legalization of mixed martial arts (MMA) would have on New York state.

As many of you know, mixed martial arts is viewed as a ‘barbaric’ sport by many state governments. One by one, these governments have recognized the positive economic impact that MMA would have on their state and ultimately legalized it. Finally, it seems like New York has come to terms with a decision…Definitely ‘Read More’ to learn more…

Brock Lesnar

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